History of Intelligent Transportation Systems (6)

Wednesday, 29 November 2017

In May 2016 the United States Department of Transportation published a History of Intelligent Transportation Systems.

At this moment, our nation stands at the cusp of some of the most revolutionary changes to our transportation system in decades. Connected and automated vehicles are closer than ever to being part of our everyday world, and the decisions we make regarding these and other advanced technologies could profoundly affect the future of transportation. As we move toward a more intelligent and connected transportation system, it is important to reflect on the history of the field, recognise lessons learned, identify trends and their historical implications, and acknowledge both the successes and the failures that have brought us to our current point in the evolution of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS).

ITS is an operational system of various technologies that, when combined and managed, improve the operating capabilities of the overall system. According to a recent national survey conducted by the University of Iowa, there are very large gaps in the public’s knowledge about ITS. Many people have little knowledge of “formal” ITS, yet they benefit from its existence every day.

  • ITS technology is the phone application that you use to determine how long to wait before walking to catch the next bus.
  • It is your car’s advanced braking system that monitors wheel speed and adjusts brake pressure so that you can stop quickly and safely without losing control of your vehicle.
  • ITS allows you to drive at highway speeds through toll collection kiosks, and helps you determine the exact location and delivery date of your online purchase with just a few clicks of the mouse.
  • Moreover, ITS technologies (such as GPS use for mapping and positioning) and operational advancements (such as coordinated traffic management centers) allow quick and efficient mobilisation of responders to an incident by providing real-time traffic, route, weather, and even hazardous material information across agencies.

View the full report here.